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The Three Types of Cavities You Should Know About

Dental decay can wreak havoc on your oral health and cause cavities to form on your teeth.

These small holes can be attributed to genetics or poor dental hygiene, as well as consuming sugary drinks and indulging in unhealthy snacking habits.

As your local family dentist, we always look forward to welcoming new patients and their children to our practice, as well as teaching them more about their oral health! Here’s some information about the three different types of cavities that dentists encounter during an exam.


1.) Pit and Fissure Decay

The grooves that make up the chewing surface of your teeth are known as pits and fissures.

It’s beneficial for teeth to be shaped this way as it allows for easy tearing and chewing. However, pits and fissures can be hard to clean with a regular toothbrush (especially those on the rear molars) and are susceptible to decay. Children, in particular, are vulnerable to this type of cavity.

Fortunately, your dentist can help prevent pit and fissure decay by applying a dental sealant to your children’s or your own teeth. This dental coating fills the grooves in teeth and can consequently prevent decay. In addition, regular brushing and flossing is essential.

Pit and fissure cavities can be treated with fluoride if caught early enough. However, if the decay has progressed, the affected area will need to be removed and the tooth repaired with a filling and in some cases possibly even a crown.


2.) Smooth-Surface Decay

Cavities can also form on the flat, exterior surfaces of teeth, particularly those found on the sides of your mouth. Smooth-surface decay is less common than pit and fissure decay. However, it’s also more slow-growing and therefore easier to treat.

Fluoride treatments are often an adequate treatment for these cavities. However, if the decay has penetrated past the enamel, a filling may be necessary.


3.) Root Decay

Dental decay that occurs within a tooth’s roots is a serious problem. Unfortunately, seniors endure this type of cavity more often than younger adults. This is because gum disease and receding gums are more common among this demographic, thereby putting seniors at greater risk.

The treatment for root cavities depends on how advanced the decay is. In some cases, a filling may be the appropriate fix. However, a root canal may be required if the tooth is abscessed, and a dental crown may be needed to repair the tooth afterward.


Preventing Cavities Before They Form

To prevent cavities, brush your teeth twice a day and floss daily. You should also drink plenty of water, eat a healthy diet and avoid consuming sugary foods and drinks. Lastly, make sure to visit your dentist at least once every six months for a checkup and dental cleaning.


A Family Dentist In Calgary You Can Count On

Forest Lawn Dental Centre is committed to providing you and your family with quality dental care. Our child-friendly practice is happy to provide you and your little ones with cavity treatments as well as personalized tips for preventing dental decay. Contact us today to make an appointment or find out more about our services in SE Calgary!



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